What is Acne?

It is a common misconception to believe that acne only includes pimples. Acne can also include:
  • Blackheads (open comedones)
  • Whiteheads (closed comedones)
  • Papules (red bumps)
  • Pustules (red bumps with white centers, what many people call pimples)
  • Cysts
  • Nodules

Acne can show up on the face, chest, back, shoulders, neck and upper arms.

While acne affects mostly teenagers, and almost all teenagers have some form of acne, adults of any age can have it and it can also have psychological effects such as anxiety and depression.

What triggers Acne?

An extremely common diagnosis, nearly 85% of all adolescents experience acne at some point. A person can be more at risk for developing acne if they are genetically predisposed. Acne will first appear when pores clog. The clog begins with dead skin cells. Typically, dead skin cells are shed daily. Normal skin also naturally creates sebum, which is a critical oil that helps our skin from drying out. When sebum production is increased during life phases, the extra oil can cause dead cells to stick together, trapping them in the pores. Within pores, bacteria have the ultimate environment for multiplying quickly, especially if there is excessive oil. The perfect storm of bacteria and oil within the pore is irritating to the surrounding skin and becomes inflamed. This can cause an acne cyst or nodule to form.

Acne is the most common skin condition in the US, affecting 40-50 million Americans

While it occurs most often in teens and young adults, acne does not discriminate. Newborns, children, and even menopausal women can get acne. Virtually everyone living with acne can achieve clearer skin. Medical advances have been made to include well-known treatments and new treatments.

How is Acne Treated?

How is Acne Treated?

Dermatologists tailor the course of treatment toward each patient in order to provide the best acne treatment possible. To best treat your specific case, you may need more than one treatment. This is called combination therapy and may yield the best results.

Some of the most common treatments regarding acne include the use of:

  • Topical creams and gels which can help decrease the visibility of acne.
  • Antibiotics – Both topical and oral antibiotics can be used to help clear the bacteria that causes acne.
  • Oral contraceptive pills – These pills must contain estrogen hormones which help to decrease the circulation of androgens, which in turn, decreases the production of sebum.
  • Procedure-based treatments – These can consist of chemical peels, microdermabrasion and cortisone shots.

Your dermatologist will counsel you on what will work best for your specific case.

How can acne scars be treated?

Once your acne is being treated and is under control, your dermatologist can begin treatment on any scars that you may have. They use lasers, microdermabrasion, chemical peels, fillers, and other procedures to lessen the appearance of acne scars. A successful outcome often is born from a customized treatment plan.

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Apotheco Pharmacy Manhattan
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