What is Wound Care?

Wound care refers to the type of treatment required for pressure sores such as skin ulcers. Pressure sores, or more commonly known as bed sores, can occur when the body is immobilized continuously on a surface such as a mattress, a chair, or in a cast for an extended period of time. These skin ulcers or sores tend to develop when the body is immobilized for at least 2-3 hours at a time. These sores have a red or purple color to them and are warm and sensitive to the touch. If these sores are left untreated, the skin can break open and potentially become infected and painful.

Apotheco wound care - nurse wrapping older woman's wrist with medical wrap

Post-Surgical Wound Care

Taking care of your wounds post-surgery can help limit pain, sensitivity, and any risk of infection. Be sure to follow your doctor’s instructions on how long you should keep the area dry, how often to re-dress your wound, and which topical creams/gels can help your wounds heal.

Most sores occur on the buttocks, hips, heels of the feet, shoulder blades, back of the head, and the backs and sides of the knees.

A way to prevent these areas from developing bed sores is to constantly move the body to various positions to limit pressure and constriction of blood and soak often with warm water and soap to create more blood flow around these areas as well.

Who is at risk for bed sores?

While bed sores can be related to the quality of care a person receives, bed sores are most common among frail older adults ages 75+. Bed sores are also a serious problem when an immobile or bedridden person is not turned, positioned correctly, or given good nutrition and skin care. People with diabetes, circulation problems, and poor nutrition are also at a higher risk to develop bed sores.

How can you treat bed sores?

Wound healing is a complex process in which the skin and the tissues underneath the skin have to rejuvenate and repair itself, but there are many ways to treat this condition. In serious cases, debridement, removing the damaged, infected, or dead tissue, or skin grafts, transplanting healthy skin to the wound area, may be recommended. Before the skin breaks and becomes infected your doctor may use these treatments:


  • Topical Antibiotics – These creams or gels can help fight and prevent infections from bed sores.
  • Topical Medications – These creams or gels can help relieve the burning and/or pain associated with bed sores.

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